George Washington’s actions after winning the Revolution shocked world monarchs more than the Revolution itself did. But his successor, John Adams, terrified them.

It shook the world when George Washington declined to run for a third term, and voluntarily stepped down after serving as president for eight years.

No one thought a national leader could do that. Emperors don’t do that. Kings don’t do that. Not even conquerors do that, and Washington was seen (by monarchs around the world) as little better than a general who’d seized power by might of arms.

Yet he stepped down. Voluntarily. …


Novelist, software consultant, guitar, keyboards, esoteric religion, plus weird stuff. Author of Lupa Bella and A Melancholy Humour.

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